Relatively Large-Scale Experimental Study on Behavior of Compacted Lime Mortar (CLM) Columns: Influence of Moisture Content

Document Type : Research Papers


1 Civil Engineering Department, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman(7631133131), Iran

2 Civil Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman(7618868366), Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


Various materials have been utilized for ground improvement techniques based on geoenvironmental compatibility. The application of lime mortar in soil has been catching the attention of researchers and engineers. However, there is a lack of research on the variation of moisture content in soil affecting the mechanical behavior of lime mortar. In this study, large-scale laboratory tests were conducted on approximately thirty specimens to evaluate the size effect on stiffness and load bearing capacity of compacted lime mortar (CLM) columns and clayey soil under different saturation conditions. In addition, approximately forty small-scale laboratory tests were carried out on dry clay, dry CLM column and lime mortar specimens to evaluate the unconfined compressive strength (UCS). According to results, UCS of CLM column under small-scale condition was higher than that of the large-scale. Moreover, high moisture content had a significant influence on the stiffness of improved ground and the bearing capacity of CLM columns. Finally, validation of results indicated that numerical model predictions are in agreement with experimental results.


Main Subjects

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