Comparison of Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Time History and Endurance Time Method in Tall Structures with Frame-Wall System

Document Type : Technical Notes

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch, Bandar Abbas, Iran

10.22059/ceij.2021.302094.1672

Abstract

In this study, the seismic response of tall concrete structures with a special dual frame-wall concrete system is investigated using the endurance time method, and the results are compared with nonlinear time history analysis results. For this purpose, first, appropriate analytical models including buildings with concrete framed-wall system and 20, 30, and 40 stories are modeled non-linearly in PERFORM 3D software, and then, main nonlinear time history analyses are carried out for seven ground motions (accelerogram) further from the fault based on the FEMA P695 code and the endurance time accelerogram of (in) series. The results of the analysis are compared using indices (shear, relative displacement, and acceleration). The results indicate that the endurance time method is accurate in two indices of shear and acceleration, but the accuracy of the relative displacement index of the floor decreases as the number of stories of the structure increases.

Keywords


ACI 318. (2014). “Building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary”, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). (2013). “Standard ASCE/SEI 41-13, Seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing buildings”, Reston, Virginia, U.S.A.

Bai, J., Jin, S., Zhao, J. and Sun, B. (2019). “Seismic performance evaluation of soil-foundation-reinforced concrete frame systems by endurance time method”, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 118, 47-51.

Basim, M.C. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2015). “Application endurance time method in performance-based optimum design of structures”, Structural Safety, 56, 52-67.

Birely, A., Lehman, D., Lowes, L., Kuchma, D., Hart, C. and Marley, K. (2008). “Investigation of the seismic behavior and analysis of reinforced concrete structural walls”, Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China.

Estekanchi, H.E., Vafaei, A. and Sadeghazar, M. (2004). “Endurance time method for seismic analysis and design of structures”, Scientia Iranica, 11(4), 361-370

Estekanchi, H.E., Valamanesh, V. and Vafai, A. (2007). “Application of endurance time method in linear seismic analysis”, Engineering Structures, 29(10), 2551-2562.

Estekanchi, H.E., Arjomandi, K. and Vafai, A. (2008). “Estimating structural damage of steel moment frames by endurance time method”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64(2), 145-155.

Estekanchi H.E., Riahi H.T. and Vafai A. (2011). “Application of endurance time method in seismic assessment of steel frames”, Engineering Structures, 33(9), 2535-2546

FEMA. (2000). “Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Report FEMA-356, Washington, DC.

FEMA P695. (2009). “Quantification of building seismic performance factors”, Applied Technology Council and Federal Emergency Management Agency, US.

Foyouzat M.A. and Estekanchi H.E. (2016). “Application of rigid-perfectly plastic spectra in improved seismic response assessment by Endurance Time method”, Engineering Structures, 111, 24-35.

Guo, A., Shen, Y., Bai, J. and Li, H. (2017). “Application of the endurance time method to the seismic analysis and evaluation of highway bridges considering pounding effects”, Engineering Structures, 131, 220-230.

Haselton, C.B., Goulet, C.A., Mitrani-Reiser, J., Beck, J.L., Deierlein, G.G., Porter, K.A., Stewart, J.P. and Taciroglu, E. (2008). “An assessment to benchmark the seismic performance of a code-conforming reinforced-concrete moment-frame building”, PEER Report, 2007/1, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley, CA.

Haselton, C.B., Deierlein, G.G. (2007). “Assessing seismic collapse safety of modern reinforced concrete moment frame buildings”, John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Technical Report 156, Stanford University.

He, H., Wei, K., Zhang, J. and Qin, S. (2015). “Application endurance time method to seismic fragility evaluation of highway bridges considering scour effect”, Oil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 136, 106243.

Kim, T. and Foutch, D.A. (2007). “Application of FEMA methodology to RC shear wall buildings governed by flexure”, Engineering Structures, 29(10), 2514-2522.

Li, S., Liu, K., Liu, X., Zhai, C. and Xie, F. (2019). “Efficient structural seismic performance evaluation method using improved endurance time analysis”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 18(4), 795-809.

Malley, J.O., Dierlein, G., Krawinkler, H., Maffei, J., Pourzanjani, M., Wallace, J. and Heintz, J. (2010). “Modeling and acceptance criteria for seismic design and analysis of tall buildings”, Applied Technology Council, PEER/ATC-72-1.

Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N. and Park, R. (1988). “Theoretical stress-strain model for confined concrete”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 114(8), 1804-1826.

Memari, A.M., Motlagh, A.Y. and Scanlon C, A. (2000). “Seismic evaluation of an existing reinforced concrete framed tube building based on inelastic dynamic analysis”, Engineering Structures, 22(6), 621-637.

PEER. (2010). “Guidelines for performance-based seismic design of tall buildings”, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, USA.

PERFORM, C. (2011). 3D user manual (v5. 0.1), Berkeley, CA: Computer and Structures Inc, USA.

Riahi, H.T. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2010). “Seismic assessment of steel frames with the endurance time method”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66(6), 780-792.

Shin, M., Kang, T.H.K. and Grossman, J.S. (2010). “Practical modelling of high‐rise dual systems with reinforced concrete slab‐column frames”, The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 19(7), 728-749.

Standing Committee on the Revision of the Regulations for the Design of Buildings against Earthquake. (2014). “Building regulations for building against earthquake”, Standard 93-2800, Tehran, Iran.

Seyed Kolbadi, S.M., Piri, H., Keyhani, A., Seyed Kolbadi, S.M. and Mirtaheri, M. (2020), “Nonlinear seismic performance evaluation of flexural slotted connection using endurance time method”, Shock and Vibration, 2020(4), 1-15.

Tafakori, E., Pourzeynali, S. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2017). “Probabilistic seismic loss estimation via endurance time method”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 16(1), 233, 245.

Thomsen IV, J.H. and Wallace, J.W. (2004). “Displacement-based design of slender reinforced concrete structural walls experimental verification”. Journal of structural engineering, 130(4), 618-630.

Valamanesh, V. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2010). “A study of endurance time method in the analysis of elastic moment frames under three-directional seismic loading”, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing), 11(5), 543-562.

Valamanesh, V. (2010). “3D nonlinear seismic analysis of structures by endurance time method”, Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

ACI 318. (2014). “Building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary”, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, USA.
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). (2013). “Standard ASCE/SEI 41-13, Seismic evaluation and retrofit of existing buildings”, Reston, Virginia, U.S.A.
Bai, J., Jin, S., Zhao, J. and Sun, B. (2019). “Seismic performance evaluation of soil-foundation-reinforced concrete frame systems by endurance time method”, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 118, 47-51.
Basim, M.C. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2015). “Application endurance time method in performance-based optimum design of structures”, Structural Safety, 56, 52-67.
Birely, A., Lehman, D., Lowes, L., Kuchma, D., Hart, C. and Marley, K. (2008). “Investigation of the seismic behavior and analysis of reinforced concrete structural walls”, Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China.
Estekanchi, H.E., Vafaei, A. and Sadeghazar, M. (2004). “Endurance time method for seismic analysis and design of structures”, Scientia Iranica, 11(4), 361-370
Estekanchi, H.E., Valamanesh, V. and Vafai, A. (2007). “Application of endurance time method in linear seismic analysis”, Engineering Structures, 29(10), 2551-2562.
Estekanchi, H.E., Arjomandi, K. and Vafai, A. (2008). “Estimating structural damage of steel moment frames by endurance time method”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64(2), 145-155.
Estekanchi H.E., Riahi H.T. and Vafai A. (2011). “Application of endurance time method in seismic assessment of steel frames”, Engineering Structures, 33(9), 2535-2546
FEMA. (2000). “Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Report FEMA-356, Washington, DC.
FEMA P695. (2009). “Quantification of building seismic performance factors”, Applied Technology Council and Federal Emergency Management Agency, US.
Foyouzat M.A. and Estekanchi H.E. (2016). “Application of rigid-perfectly plastic spectra in improved seismic response assessment by Endurance Time method”, Engineering Structures, 111, 24-35.
Guo, A., Shen, Y., Bai, J. and Li, H. (2017). “Application of the endurance time method to the seismic analysis and evaluation of highway bridges considering pounding effects”, Engineering Structures, 131, 220-230.
Haselton, C.B., Goulet, C.A., Mitrani-Reiser, J., Beck, J.L., Deierlein, G.G., Porter, K.A., Stewart, J.P. and Taciroglu, E. (2008). “An assessment to benchmark the seismic performance of a code-conforming reinforced-concrete moment-frame building”, PEER Report, 2007/1, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley, CA.
Haselton, C.B., Deierlein, G.G. (2007). “Assessing seismic collapse safety of modern reinforced concrete moment frame buildings”, John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center Technical Report 156, Stanford University.
He, H., Wei, K., Zhang, J. and Qin, S. (2015). “Application endurance time method to seismic fragility evaluation of highway bridges considering scour effect”, Oil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 136, 106243.
Kim, T. and Foutch, D.A. (2007). “Application of FEMA methodology to RC shear wall buildings governed by flexure”, Engineering Structures, 29(10), 2514-2522.
Li, S., Liu, K., Liu, X., Zhai, C. and Xie, F. (2019). “Efficient structural seismic performance evaluation method using improved endurance time analysis”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 18(4), 795-809.
Malley, J.O., Dierlein, G., Krawinkler, H., Maffei, J., Pourzanjani, M., Wallace, J. and Heintz, J. (2010). “Modeling and acceptance criteria for seismic design and analysis of tall buildings”, Applied Technology Council, PEER/ATC-72-1.
Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N. and Park, R. (1988). “Theoretical stress-strain model for confined concrete”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 114(8), 1804-1826.
Memari, A.M., Motlagh, A.Y. and Scanlon C, A. (2000). “Seismic evaluation of an existing reinforced concrete framed tube building based on inelastic dynamic analysis”, Engineering Structures, 22(6), 621-637.
PEER. (2010). “Guidelines for performance-based seismic design of tall buildings”, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
PERFORM, C. (2011). 3D user manual (v5. 0.1), Berkeley, CA: Computer and Structures Inc, USA.
Riahi, H.T. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2010). “Seismic assessment of steel frames with the endurance time method”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66(6), 780-792.
Shin, M., Kang, T.H.K. and Grossman, J.S. (2010). “Practical modelling of high‐rise dual systems with reinforced concrete slab‐column frames”, The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 19(7), 728-749.
Standing Committee on the Revision of the Regulations for the Design of Buildings against Earthquake. (2014). “Building regulations for building against earthquake”, Standard 93-2800, Tehran, Iran.
Seyed Kolbadi, S.M., Piri, H., Keyhani, A., Seyed Kolbadi, S.M. and Mirtaheri, M. (2020), “Nonlinear seismic performance evaluation of flexural slotted connection using endurance time method”, Shock and Vibration, 2020(4), 1-15.
Tafakori, E., Pourzeynali, S. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2017). “Probabilistic seismic loss estimation via endurance time method”, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 16(1), 233, 245.
Thomsen IV, J.H. and Wallace, J.W. (2004). “Displacement-based design of slender reinforced concrete structural walls experimental verification”. Journal of structural engineering, 130(4), 618-630.
Valamanesh, V. and Estekanchi, H.E. (2010). “A study of endurance time method in the analysis of elastic moment frames under three-directional seismic loading”, Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing), 11(5), 543-562.
Valamanesh, V. (2010). “3D nonlinear seismic analysis of structures by endurance time method”, Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.