Building Information Modeling Deployment in Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industry: An Adoption Roadmap

Document Type : Research Papers

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Principal engineer in the DNV GL - Oil and Gas, Det Norske Veritas, Denmark A/S

3 Mc Whorter School of Building Science, College of Architecture, Design and Construction, Auburn University, AL, USA

Abstract

The implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry is growing rapidly. The Oil, Gas and Petrochemical industry (OGPi), however, is still lagging in harnessing the BIM capabilities. Therefore, the main question of this research is: How and what actions should be adopted for deploying BIM in the OGPi? The research is divided into three parts as an action research. This study investigates the second part, namely preparation of an adoption roadmap for deploying BIM in collaboration with Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in the OGPi. To achieve this goal, an extensive literature review including the most established roadmaps in the AEC industry and also the semi-structured interviews with the OGPi's experts are conducted.  Then, an adoption roadmap is derived for OGPi via Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT), ‘Why, How, What’ questions (Sink model), strategic planning and innovation roadmap as well as the iterative process in the studies and interviews. The prepared roadmap validated by triangulation through focus group meetings and oils the wheels of BIM implementation alongside with IPD in the OGPi firms to grabs BIM merits and harness its challenges. Finally, the major limitations and the required future studies are addressed.

Keywords


Akintola, A., Venkatachalam, S. and Root, D. (2019). "Understanding BIM’s impact on professional work practices using activity theory", Construction Management and Economics, 37(3), 1-17.

American Institute of Architects (AIA). (2014). "Integrated project delivery - an updated working definition, Version 3", Retrieved from http://www.aiacc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/ 07/AIACC_IPD.pdf.

Azhar, S. (2011). "Building information modeling (BIM): trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry", Leadership and Management in Engineering, 11(3), 241-252.

Azhar, S., Khalfan, M. and Maqsood, T. (2012). "Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond", Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 12(4), 15-28.

Bezkorovayniy, V., Bayazitov, V. and Bobov, D. (2018). "Management of the design and construction of offshore oil and gas facilities with BIM Base", IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 463, Part 3, Vladivostok, Russian Federation.

Bosch-Sijtsema, P. and Gluch, P. (2019). "Challenging construction project management institutions: The role and agency of BIM actors", International Journal of Construction Management, 21(11), 1077-1087.

Both, P. and Kindsvater, A. (2012). "Potentials and barriers for implementing BIM in the German AEC market, Results of a current market analysis", Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 151-158, Prague, Czech Republic.

Cetindamar, D., Daim, T.U., Beyhan,B. and Basoglu, N. (2013). Strategic planning decisions in the high tech industry, Springer,  London.

Cheng, J.C.P., Tan, Y., Song, Y., Mei, Z., Gan, V.G.L. and Wang X. (2018). "Developing an evacuation evaluation model for offshore oil and gas platforms using BIM and agent-based model", Automation in Construction, 89, 214-224.

Cheng, J.C.P., Tan, Y., Song, Y., Liu, X. and Wang, X. (2017). "A semi-automated approach to generate 4D/5D BIM models for evaluating different offshore oil and gas platform decommissioning options", Visualization in Engineering, 5, 266-272.

Cheng, J.C.P., Lu, Q. and Deng, Y. (2016). "Analytical review and evaluation of civil information modeling",  Automation in Construction, 67, 31-47.

Construction Industry Council. (2014). "Roadmap for BIM strategic implementation in Hong Kong’s construction industry, Version 1", Retrieved from http://54.255.237.184/bim/ Upload/publication/32/download_1/f0a9c1250c7d4c639b7f2865897275b9.pdf.

Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K. (2011). BIM Handbook: A guide to building information modellin for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors, Second edition, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.

Elmualim, A. and Gilder, J. (2014). "BIM: innovation in design management, influence and challenges of implementation", Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 10(3), 183-199.

Fakhimi, A., Majrouhi Sardrood, J., Mazroi, A., Ghoreishi, S.R. and Azhar, S. (2017). "Influences of building information modeling (BIM) on oil, gas, and petrochemical firms", Science and Technology for the Built Environment, 23(6), 1063-1077.

Ghassemi, R. and Becerik-Gerber, B. (2011). "Transitioning to integrated project delivery: Potential barriers and lessons learned", LCI Lean Construction Journal, Lean and Integrated Project Delivery Special Issue, 32-52.

Gu, N. and London, K. (2010). "Understanding and facilitating BIM adoption in the AEC industry", Automation in Construction, 19(8), 988-999.

Hafizah, H.N.A., Takim, R. and Nawawi, A.H. (2015). "BIM roadmap strategic implementation plan: Lesson learnt from Australia, Singapore and Hong Kong", In: Raidén, A.B., and Aboagye-Nimo, E. (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Conference, pp. 611-620, Lincoln, UK.

Hong, Y., Hammad, A.W.A. and Akbarnezhad, A. (2019). " Impact of organization size and project type on BIM adoption in the Chinese construction market", Construction Management and Economics, 37, 675-691.

Ibrahim, N.H. (2013). " Reviewing the evidence: use of digital collaboration technologies in major building and infrastructure projects", Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 18, 40-63.

Kalinichuk, S. and Tomek, A. (2013). " Construction industry products diversification by implementation of BIM", International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, 3(4), 251-258.

Khan, S. (2014). " Qualitative research method: Grounded theory", International Journal of Business and Management, 9(11), 224-233.

Khosrowshahi, F. and Arayici, Y. (2012). "Roadmap for implementation of BIM in the UK construction industry", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 19(6), 610 - 635.

Larsen, M. (2019). "Use of project execution models and BIM in oil and gas projects: Searching for relevant improvements for construction", Ph.D. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of Architecture and Planning.

Larsen, M. (2015). "Generalising via the case studies and adapting the oil and gas industry’s project execution concepts to the construction industry", Procedia Economics and Finance, 21, 271-278.

Le, P., Elmughrabi, W., Dao, T.M. and Chaabane, A. (2018). "Present focuses and future directions of decision-making in construction supply chain management: A systematic review", International Journal of Construction Management, 20(5), 490-509.

Lee, C.Y., Chong, H.Y. and Wang X. (2016). "Streamlining digital modeling and building information modelling (BIM) uses for the oil and gas projects", Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering, 25(2), 349-396.

Lei, H., Wang, X., Wang, J. and Truijens, M. (2014). "An integration framework of advanced technologies for productivity improvement for LNG mega- projects", Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 19, 360-382.

Marshall, B., Cardon, P., Poddar, A. and  Fontenot, R.J. (2013). "Does sample size matter in qualitative research?: A review of qualitative interviews in IS research", Journal of Computer Information Systems, 54(1), 11-22.

Mason, M. (2010). "Sample size and saturation in PhD studies using qualitative interviewes", Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 11(3), 1-13.

Muller, G. (2011). Systems architecting: A business perspective, CRC Press, New York.

National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS), (2007). "United States national building information modeling standard, version 1, Part 1, overview, principles, and methodologies", Retrieved from.http://www.Nibs.org.

O’Connor, P. (2009). Integrated project delivery: collaboration through new contract forms, Faegre and Benson LLP, Minneapolis.

Phaal, R. (2015). Roadmapping for strategy and innovation, Centre for Technology Management, Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge.

Building SMART Canada, (2014). "Roadmap to lifecycle building information modeling in the Canadian AECOO community", Retrieved from https://buildingsmartcanada.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2019/07/ROADMAP_V1.0.pdf.

Rogers, E.M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations, Fifth edition, Free Press, New York.

Rui, Z., Li, C., Peng, F., Ling, K., Chen, G., Zhou, X. and Chang H. (2017). " Development of industry performance metrics for offshore oil and gas project", Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 39, 44-53.

Shadid, W.K. (2017). " A framework for managing organizations in complex environments", Construction Management and Economics, 36(4), 182-202.

Silva, M.F., Salvado, F., Couto, P. and Vale e Azevedo, Á. (2016). " Roadmap proposal for implementing building information modelling (BIM) in Portugal", Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 6, 475-481.

Sinek, S. (2009). Start with Why - how great leaders inspire everyone to take action, Penguin Publishing Group,  New York.

Singh, M.V., awhney, A. and Borrmann, A. (2017). "Integrating rules of modular coordination to improve model authoring in BIM", International Journal of Construction Management, 19(1), 15-31.

Song, C. (2007). "Risk analysis of international offshore oil project", Ph.D. Thesis, Tianjin University.

Songhurst, B. (2014). "LNG plant cost escalation", Oxford: Institute for Energy Studies, Retrieved from https://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/NG-83.pdf.

Stanley, R. and Thurnell, D. (2014). " The benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of 5D BIM for quantity surveying in New Zealand",  Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 14, 105-117.

Succar, B. (2013). "Building Information Modelling: Conceptual constructs and performance improvement tools", Ph.D. Thesis, University of Newcastle.

Tan, Y., Fang, Y., Zhou, T., Gan, V. J. L. and Cheng J.C.P. (2019). "BIM-supported 4D acoustics simulation approach to mitigating noise impact on maintenance workers on offshore oil and gas platforms", Automation in Construction, 107, 1-10.

Tan, Y., Song, Y., Zhu, J., Long, Q., Wang, X. and Cheng, J.C.P. (2018). "Optimizing lift operations and vessel transport schedules for disassembly of multiple offshore platforms using BIM and GIS", Automation in Construction, 94, 328-339.

Tan, Y., Song, Y., Liu, X., Wang, X. and Cheng, J.C.P. (2017). " A BIM-based framework for lift planning in topsides disassembly of offshore oil and gas platforms", Automation in Construction, 79, 19-30.

Tsai, Y.H., Wang, J., Chien, W.T., Wei, C.Y., Wang, X. and Hsieh, S.H. (2019). "A BIM-based approach for predicting corrosion under insulation", Automation in Construction, 100, 102-123.

Teo, E.A.L, Ofori, G., Tjandra, I.K. and Kim, H. (2016). " The use of BIM in the Singapore construction industry: Opportunities and challenges", Proceedings of the 20th World Building Congress, Vol. 4, pp. 141-152, Tampere, Finland.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), (2009). "Practice on roadmapping",  Retrieved from    https://www.tc.cz/files/istec_publications /practice_on_roadmapping_1265908167.pdf.

Wang, J., Shou, W., Wang, X. and Wu, P. (2016). "Developing and evaluating a framework of total constraint management for improving workflow in liquefied natural gas construction", Construction Management and Economics, 34(12), 859-874.

Wang, X., Truijens, M., Hou, L., Wang, Y. and Zhou Y. (2014). " Integrating augmented reality with building information modeling: Onsite construction process controlling for liquefied natural gas industry", Automation in Construction, 40, 96-105.

Xue, C. (2015). "Technology integration capability in the oil/gas industry: Cross case study of iRing and BIM technologies", Master’s Thesis, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).

Zhou, Y., Ding, L., Wang, X., Truijens, M. and Luo, H. (2015). "Applicability of 4D modelling for resource allocation in mega liquefied natural gas plant construction", Automation in Construction, 50, 50-63.

Akintola, A., Venkatachalam, S. and Root, D. (2019). "Understanding BIM’s impact on professional work practices using activity theory", Construction Management and Economics, 37(3), 1-17.
American Institute of Architects (AIA). (2014). "Integrated project delivery - an updated working definition, Version 3", Retrieved from http://www.aiacc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/ 07/AIACC_IPD.pdf.
Azhar, S. (2011). "Building information modeling (BIM): trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry", Leadership and Management in Engineering, 11(3), 241-252.
Azhar, S., Khalfan, M. and Maqsood, T. (2012). "Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond", Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 12(4), 15-28.
Bezkorovayniy, V., Bayazitov, V. and Bobov, D. (2018). "Management of the design and construction of offshore oil and gas facilities with BIM Base", IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 463, Part 3, Vladivostok, Russian Federation.
Bosch-Sijtsema, P. and Gluch, P. (2019). "Challenging construction project management institutions: The role and agency of BIM actors", International Journal of Construction Management, 21(11), 1077-1087.
Both, P. and Kindsvater, A. (2012). "Potentials and barriers for implementing BIM in the German AEC market, Results of a current market analysis", Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 151-158, Prague, Czech Republic.
Cetindamar, D., Daim, T.U., Beyhan,B. and Basoglu, N. (2013). Strategic planning decisions in the high tech industry, Springer,  London.
Cheng, J.C.P., Tan, Y., Song, Y., Mei, Z., Gan, V.G.L. and Wang X. (2018). "Developing an evacuation evaluation model for offshore oil and gas platforms using BIM and agent-based model", Automation in Construction, 89, 214-224.
Cheng, J.C.P., Tan, Y., Song, Y., Liu, X. and Wang, X. (2017). "A semi-automated approach to generate 4D/5D BIM models for evaluating different offshore oil and gas platform decommissioning options", Visualization in Engineering, 5, 266-272.
Cheng, J.C.P., Lu, Q. and Deng, Y. (2016). "Analytical review and evaluation of civil information modeling",  Automation in Construction, 67, 31-47.
Construction Industry Council. (2014). "Roadmap for BIM strategic implementation in Hong Kong’s construction industry, Version 1", Retrieved from http://54.255.237.184/bim/ Upload/publication/32/download_1/f0a9c1250c7d4c639b7f2865897275b9.pdf.
Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K. (2011). BIM Handbook: A guide to building information modellin for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors, Second edition, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey.
Elmualim, A. and Gilder, J. (2014). "BIM: innovation in design management, influence and challenges of implementation", Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 10(3), 183-199.
Fakhimi, A., Majrouhi Sardrood, J., Mazroi, A., Ghoreishi, S.R. and Azhar, S. (2017). "Influences of building information modeling (BIM) on oil, gas, and petrochemical firms", Science and Technology for the Built Environment, 23(6), 1063-1077.
Ghassemi, R. and Becerik-Gerber, B. (2011). "Transitioning to integrated project delivery: Potential barriers and lessons learned", LCI Lean Construction Journal, Lean and Integrated Project Delivery Special Issue, 32-52.
Gu, N. and London, K. (2010). "Understanding and facilitating BIM adoption in the AEC industry", Automation in Construction, 19(8), 988-999.
Hafizah, H.N.A., Takim, R. and Nawawi, A.H. (2015). "BIM roadmap strategic implementation plan: Lesson learnt from Australia, Singapore and Hong Kong", In: Raidén, A.B., and Aboagye-Nimo, E. (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Conference, pp. 611-620, Lincoln, UK.
Hong, Y., Hammad, A.W.A. and Akbarnezhad, A. (2019). " Impact of organization size and project type on BIM adoption in the Chinese construction market", Construction Management and Economics, 37, 675-691.
Ibrahim, N.H. (2013). " Reviewing the evidence: use of digital collaboration technologies in major building and infrastructure projects", Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 18, 40-63.
Kalinichuk, S. and Tomek, A. (2013). " Construction industry products diversification by implementation of BIM", International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, 3(4), 251-258.
Khan, S. (2014). " Qualitative research method: Grounded theory", International Journal of Business and Management, 9(11), 224-233.
Khosrowshahi, F. and Arayici, Y. (2012). "Roadmap for implementation of BIM in the UK construction industry", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 19(6), 610 - 635.
Larsen, M. (2019). "Use of project execution models and BIM in oil and gas projects: Searching for relevant improvements for construction", Ph.D. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Department of Architecture and Planning.
Larsen, M. (2015). "Generalising via the case studies and adapting the oil and gas industry’s project execution concepts to the construction industry", Procedia Economics and Finance, 21, 271-278.
Le, P., Elmughrabi, W., Dao, T.M. and Chaabane, A. (2018). "Present focuses and future directions of decision-making in construction supply chain management: A systematic review", International Journal of Construction Management, 20(5), 490-509.
Lee, C.Y., Chong, H.Y. and Wang X. (2016). "Streamlining digital modeling and building information modelling (BIM) uses for the oil and gas projects", Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering, 25(2), 349-396.
Lei, H., Wang, X., Wang, J. and Truijens, M. (2014). "An integration framework of advanced technologies for productivity improvement for LNG mega- projects", Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 19, 360-382.
Marshall, B., Cardon, P., Poddar, A. and  Fontenot, R.J. (2013). "Does sample size matter in qualitative research?: A review of qualitative interviews in IS research", Journal of Computer Information Systems, 54(1), 11-22.
Mason, M. (2010). "Sample size and saturation in PhD studies using qualitative interviewes", Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 11(3), 1-13.
Muller, G. (2011). Systems architecting: A business perspective, CRC Press, New York.
National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS), (2007). "United States national building information modeling standard, version 1, Part 1, overview, principles, and methodologies", Retrieved from.http://www.Nibs.org.
O’Connor, P. (2009). Integrated project delivery: collaboration through new contract forms, Faegre and Benson LLP, Minneapolis.
Phaal, R. (2015). Roadmapping for strategy and innovation, Centre for Technology Management, Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge.
Building SMART Canada, (2014). "Roadmap to lifecycle building information modeling in the Canadian AECOO community", Retrieved from https://buildingsmartcanada.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2019/07/ROADMAP_V1.0.pdf.
Rogers, E.M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations, Fifth edition, Free Press, New York.
Rui, Z., Li, C., Peng, F., Ling, K., Chen, G., Zhou, X. and Chang H. (2017). " Development of industry performance metrics for offshore oil and gas project", Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 39, 44-53.
Shadid, W.K. (2017). " A framework for managing organizations in complex environments", Construction Management and Economics, 36(4), 182-202.
Silva, M.F., Salvado, F., Couto, P. and Vale e Azevedo, Á. (2016). " Roadmap proposal for implementing building information modelling (BIM) in Portugal", Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 6, 475-481.
Sinek, S. (2009). Start with Why - how great leaders inspire everyone to take action, Penguin Publishing Group,  New York.
Singh, M.V., awhney, A. and Borrmann, A. (2017). "Integrating rules of modular coordination to improve model authoring in BIM", International Journal of Construction Management, 19(1), 15-31.
Song, C. (2007). "Risk analysis of international offshore oil project", Ph.D. Thesis, Tianjin University.
Songhurst, B. (2014). "LNG plant cost escalation", Oxford: Institute for Energy Studies, Retrieved from https://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/NG-83.pdf.
Stanley, R. and Thurnell, D. (2014). " The benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of 5D BIM for quantity surveying in New Zealand",  Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 14, 105-117.
Succar, B. (2013). "Building Information Modelling: Conceptual constructs and performance improvement tools", Ph.D. Thesis, University of Newcastle.
Tan, Y., Fang, Y., Zhou, T., Gan, V. J. L. and Cheng J.C.P. (2019). "BIM-supported 4D acoustics simulation approach to mitigating noise impact on maintenance workers on offshore oil and gas platforms", Automation in Construction, 107, 1-10.
Tan, Y., Song, Y., Zhu, J., Long, Q., Wang, X. and Cheng, J.C.P. (2018). "Optimizing lift operations and vessel transport schedules for disassembly of multiple offshore platforms using BIM and GIS", Automation in Construction, 94, 328-339.
Tan, Y., Song, Y., Liu, X., Wang, X. and Cheng, J.C.P. (2017). " A BIM-based framework for lift planning in topsides disassembly of offshore oil and gas platforms", Automation in Construction, 79, 19-30.
Tsai, Y.H., Wang, J., Chien, W.T., Wei, C.Y., Wang, X. and Hsieh, S.H. (2019). "A BIM-based approach for predicting corrosion under insulation", Automation in Construction, 100, 102-123.
Teo, E.A.L, Ofori, G., Tjandra, I.K. and Kim, H. (2016). " The use of BIM in the Singapore construction industry: Opportunities and challenges", Proceedings of the 20th World Building Congress, Vol. 4, pp. 141-152, Tampere, Finland.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), (2009). "Practice on roadmapping",  Retrieved from    https://www.tc.cz/files/istec_publications /practice_on_roadmapping_1265908167.pdf.
Wang, J., Shou, W., Wang, X. and Wu, P. (2016). "Developing and evaluating a framework of total constraint management for improving workflow in liquefied natural gas construction", Construction Management and Economics, 34(12), 859-874.
Wang, X., Truijens, M., Hou, L., Wang, Y. and Zhou Y. (2014). " Integrating augmented reality with building information modeling: Onsite construction process controlling for liquefied natural gas industry", Automation in Construction, 40, 96-105.
Xue, C. (2015). "Technology integration capability in the oil/gas industry: Cross case study of iRing and BIM technologies", Master’s Thesis, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).
Zhou, Y., Ding, L., Wang, X., Truijens, M. and Luo, H. (2015). "Applicability of 4D modelling for resource allocation in mega liquefied natural gas plant construction", Automation in Construction, 50, 50-63.
Volume 54, Issue 2
December 2021
Pages 281-299
  • Receive Date: 15 January 2020
  • Revise Date: 17 September 2020
  • Accept Date: 28 September 2020
  • First Publish Date: 12 July 2021