Analyzing the Effects of Soil-Structure Interactions on the Static Response of Onshore Wind Turbine Foundations Using Finite Element Method

Document Type : Technical Notes


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.


The use of wind turbines to generate electricity has increased in recent years. One of the most important parts of a wind turbine is the foundation, which should be designed accurately because it is influenced by difference forces. Soil cannot carry tension stress; thus, when a wind turbine foundation is applied eccentricity forces, a gap appears between the soil and foundation. The gap will have no positive effect on the ultimate bearing capacity of the foundation. This must be considered when designing the dimensions of an onshore wind turbine on a spread foundation using finite element software in order to avoid error during analysis. In the current study, a spread foundation of an onshore wind turbine was simulated using ABAQUS and PLAXIS-3D software. Based on the results, the effects of Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI), eccentricity of forces, soil strength parameters and the foundation buried depth on static response of the foundation are discussed. The results indicate that the influence of soil-structure interaction is depend on magnitude of eccentricity of forces and depth of foundation, so that soil-structure interaction has little impact on settlement of foundation when eccentricity of forces is less than 1/6 of the diameter of the foundation and this has important effect when the eccentricity forces at an amount exceeding 1/6 of the diameter of the foundation. In addition, this effect decreases with increasing the foundation buried depth and independent of the soil strength parameters (φ´ and C).


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Volume 53, Issue 1
June 2020
Pages 189-205
  • Receive Date: 22 May 2019
  • Revise Date: 01 March 2020
  • Accept Date: 14 March 2020
  • First Publish Date: 01 June 2020