Considering the Soil Effects on Design Process of Performance-Based Plastic Design for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Document Type : Research Papers


Department of Civil Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, fahmideh st, 65178-38695 Hamedan, Iran


In this research, Performance-Based Plastic Design (PBPD) method has been modified according to the proposed method for considering Soil–Structure Interaction (SSI) effects. In the proposed modified method, based on the existing relationships and in order to maintain the simplicity of the PBPD design method, two important parameters have been modified in the PBPD design method. These two parameters include the modification of the vibration period of the structure due to the effect of SSI and the lateral target displacement modification, which is a key parameter in the evaluation of the structural performance. Efforts have been made to refine the modifications to maintain the simplicity and robustness of the PBPD equations. Finally, design base shear force of the PBPD method has been corrected due to the SSI effect regarding the modified relationships. By making the modifications, in order to better understand this method, structures with a number of different floors, including the 4, 8, 12, and 20 spatial space moment frames, are designed and compared with the results of designing the method without the effect of SSI and design method based on the capacity.


Main Subjects

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). (2010). Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures: ASCE standard 7-10, American Society of Civil Engineers.
Abdollahzadeh, G., Kuchakzadeh, H. and Mirzagoltabar, A. (2017). "Performance-based plastic design of Moment Frame-Steel Plate Shear Wall as a dual system", Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal, 50(1), 21-34.
Agency, F.E.M. (2009). Quantification of building seismic performance factors, FEMA P695, Washington, DC.
Akiyama, H. (1985). Earthquake-resistant limit-state design for buildings, University of Tokyo Press.
Calugaru, V. and Panagiotou, M. (2012). "Response of tall cantilever wall buildings to strong pulse type seismic excitation", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 41(9), 1301-1318.
Chao, S.-H., Goel, S.C. and Lee, S.-S. (2007). "A seismic design lateral force distribution based on inelastic state of structures", Earthquake Spectra, 23(3), 547-569.
Chinmayi, H. and Jayalekshmi, B. (2013). "Soil-structure interaction analysis of RC frame shear wall buildings over raft foundations under seismic loading", International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 4(5), 99-102.
Choi, S.W., Kim, Y., Lee, J., Hong, K. and Park, H.S. (2013). "Minimum column-to-beam strength ratios for beam–hinge mechanisms based on multi-objective seismic design", Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 88, 53-62.
Fischinger, M. (2014). Performance-based seismic engineering: Vision for an earthquake resilient society, Springer
Goel, S.C. and Chao, S.-H. (2008). Performance-based plastic design: earthquake-resistant steel structures, International Code Council, Country Club Hills, IL.
Housner, G.W. (1956). "Limit design of structures to resist earthquakes", Proceeding of the 1st WCEE.
Housner, G.W. (1959). "Behavior of structures during earthquakes", Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, 85(4), 109-130.
Kato, B. and Akiyama, H. (1982). "Seismic design of steel buildings", Journal of the Structural Division, 108(8), 1709-1721.
Li, M., Lu, X., Lu, X. and Ye, L. (2014). "Influence of soil–structure interaction on seismic collapse resistance of super-tall buildings", Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 6(5), 477-485.
Liao, W.-C. (2010). Performance-based plastic design of earthquake resistant reinforced concrete moment frames, ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing
Morshedifard, A. and Eskandari-Ghadi, M. (2017). "Coupled BE-FE scheme for three-dimensional dynamic interaction of a transversely isotropic half-space with a flexible structure", Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal, 50(1), 95-118.
Mylonakis, G. and Gazetas, G. (2000). "Seismic soil-structure interaction: Beneficial or detrimental?", Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 4(03), 277-301.
Mylonakis, G., Syngros, C., Gazetas, G. and Tazoh, T. (2006). "The role of soil in the collapse of 18 piers of Hanshin Expressway in the Kobe earthquake", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 35(5), 547-575.
Poulos, H.G. and Davis, E.H. (1980). Pile foundation analysis and design, J. Wiley, New York.
Priestley, M., Calvi, G. and Kowalsky, M. (2007). "Direct displacement-based seismic design of structures", 5th New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Conference.
Riga, E., Karatzetzou, A., Mara, A. and Pitilakis, K. (2017). "Studying the uncertainties in the seismic risk assessment at urban scale applying the capacity spectrum method: The case of Thessaloniki", Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 92, 9-24.
Sahoo, D.R. and Chao, S.-H. (2010). "Performance-based plastic design method for buckling-restrained braced frames", Engineering Structures, 32(9), 2950-2958.
Tabatabaiefar, S.H.R., Fatahi, B. and Samali, B. (2014). "An empirical relationship to determine lateral seismic response of mid‐rise building frames under influence of soil–structure interaction", The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 23(7), 526-548.
Thermou, G., Elnashai, A. and Pantazopoulou, S. (2012). "Retrofit yield spectra, a practical device in seismic rehabilitation", Earthquake and Structures, 3(2), 141-168.
Verde, R.V. (1991). "Explanation for the numerous upper floor collapses during the 1985 Mexico City earthquake", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 20(3), 223-241.
Wongpakdee, N. and Leelataviwat, S. (2014). "Effects of column capacity on the seismic behavior of mid-rise strong-column-weak-beam moment frames", Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering Seismology, European Association for Earthquake Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey.
Wongpakdee, N. and Leelataviwat, S. (2017). "Influence of column strength and stiffness on the inelastic behavior of strong-column-weak-beam frames", Journal of Structural Engineering, 143(9), 04017124.