Corner Crack Effect on the Seismic Behavior of Steel Plate Shear Wall System

Document Type : Research Papers


1 Department of Civil Eng, Faculty, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Iran University of Science and Technology


Although, experimental studies have reported fracture at the corner of Steel Plate Shear Walls (SPSW), no study has been performed to investigate the crack effect, yet. Therefore, in this paper, the effect of crack at the corner of SPSWs on the seismic behavior of the system was investigated. Two probable cracks, that have been studies at the corner of SPSWs utilizing extended Finite Element method based on cohesive crack approach, are initial horizontal crack and initial vertical crack. Numerical results indicated that small initial crack does not have considerable effect on the seismic behavior of SPSW. In addition, the horizontal crack is more effective than vertical crack. Since SPSWs with long initial horizontal crack are ruptured suddenly, so they could not be utilized as a lateral resisting in seismic zone. Nevertheless, no ruptures occur in SPSWs with vertical cracks. Therefore, SPSWs with horizontal crack must be repaired, but no repairing is needed in SPSWs with initial vertical cracks.


Main Subjects

Abdollahzadeh, G.R., Kuchakzadeh, H. and Mirzagoltabar, A.R. (2017). “Performance-based plastic design of moment frame-steel plate shear wall as a dual system”, Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal, 50(1), 21-34.
Abdollahzadeh, G. and Malekzadeh, H. (2013). “Response modification factor of coupled steel shear walls”, Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal, 46(1), 15-26.
AISC. (2007). Steel design guide 20, steel plate shear walls, Chicago (IL), American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago.
AISC, ANSI/AISC 341-10, (2010). Seismic provisions for structural steel buildings, American Institute of Steel Construction.
Alinia, M., Hosseinzadeh, S. and Habashi, H. (2007). “Numerical modelling for buckling analysis of cracked shear panels”, Thin-walled Structure, 45, 1058–1067.
ANSYS. (2016). User manual, ANSYS, Inc., Canonsburg, PA.
ASCE, SEI/ASCE 7-10. (2010). Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. American Society of Civil Engineers. Virginia.
Astaneh-Asl, A. (2001). Seismic behavior and design of steel shear walls, S.S.E. Council, California.
Basler, K. (1961). ”Strength of plate girders in shear”, Journal of Structural Division, ASCE, 128, 683-719.
Belytschko, T., Chen, H., Xu, J. and Zi, G. (2003). “Dynamic crack propagation based on loss of hyperbolicity and a new discontinuous enrichment”, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 58, 1873-1905.
Bert, C. and Devarakonda, K. (2003). “Buckling of rectangular plates subjected to nonlinearly distributed in-plane loading”, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 40, 4097-4106.
Bonora, N, (2006). “A nonlinear CDM model for ductile failure”, Engineering Fracture Mechanic, 58, 11-28.
Brighenti, R. (2005). “Buckling of cracked thin-plates under tension or compression”, Thin-Walled Structures, 43, 209-224.
Broujerdian, V., Ghamari, A. and Ghadami, A. (2016). “An investigation into crack and its growth on the seismic behavior of steel shear walls”, Thin-Walled Structures, 101, 205-212.
Campilho, R., Banea, M., Chaves, F. and Da-Silva, L. (2011). “Extended Finite Element method for fracture characterization of adhesive joints in pure mode I”, Computational Materials Science, 50, 1543-1549.
Driver, R., Kulak, G., Kennedy, D. and Elwi, A. (1998). “Cyclic test of four-story steel plate shear wall”, Journal of Structural Engineering, 124, 112-120.
Dubina, D., and Dinu, F. (2014). “Experimental evaluation of dual frame structures with thin-walled steel panels”, Thin-Walled Structures, 78, 57-69.
Golewski, G., Golewski, P., and Sadowski, T. (2012). “Numerical modelling crack propagation under Mode II fracture in plain concretes containing siliceous fly-ash additive using XFEM method”, Computational Materials Science, 62, 75-78.
Guendel, M., Hoffmeister, B. and Feldmann, M. (2011). “Experimental and numerical investigations on steel shear walls for seismic retrofitting”, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Structural Dynamics, Belgium.
Hatami, F., Ghamari, A. and Rahai, A. (2012). “Investigating the properties of steel shear walls reinforced with carbon fiber polymers (CFRP)”, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 70, 36-42.
Hibbitt, H., Karlsson, B. and Sorensen, P. (2012). ABAQUS theory manual, version 6.12, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA.
Johnson, G.R., and Cook, W.H. (1983), “A constitutive model and data for metals subjected to large strains, high strain rates and high”, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Ballistics, 21, 541-547
Nasirmanesh, A. and Mohammadi, S. (2017). “Eigenvalue buckling analysis of cracked functionally graded cylindrical shells in the framework of the extended Finite Element method”, Composite Structures, 159, 548-566.
Riks, E., Rankin, C. and Brogan, F. (1992). “The buckling behavior of a central crack in a plate under tension”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 43, 529-548.
Shaw, D. and Huang, Y. (1990). “Buckling behavior of a central cracked thin plate under tension”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 35, 1019-1027.
Shekastehband. B., Azaraxsh. A. and Showkati. H, (2017), “Experimental and numerical study on seismic behavior of LYS and HYS steel plate shear walls connected to frame beams only”, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 17(1),154-168.
Sih, G. and Lee, Y. (1968). “Tensile and compressive buckling of plates weakened by cracks”, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 6, 129-138.
Simonsen, B. and Tornqvist, R. (2004). “Experimental and numerical modelling of ductile crack propagation in large-scale shell structures”, Marine Structures, 17, 1-27.
Wang, Z., Zhou, S., Zhang, J., Wu, X. and Zhou, L. (2012). “Progressive failure analysis of bolted single-lap composite joint based on extended Finite Element method”, Materials and Design, 37, 582-588.
Xie, Y., Cao, P. and LiuL. (2016). “Influence of crack surface friction on crack initiation and propagation: A numerical investigation based on extended Finite Element method”, Computers and Geotechnics, 74, 1-14.