Performance-Based Plastic Design of Moment Frame-Steel Plate Shear Wall as a Dual System

Document Type : Research Papers


1 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Babol University of Technology

2 Babol University of Technology


Steel Plate Shear Wall (SPSW) is an emerging seismic load-resistant system that, compared to other systems, enjoys the advantages of stable ductile behavior, fewer detailing requirements, rapid constructability, and economy. American seismic provisions decree that a SPSW should be designed as a moment frame with a web infill plate. Specifically, in case of buildings taller than 160 ft, it decrees that a dual system must be used. This paper presents a method of Performance-Based Plastic Design (PBPD) to design steel moment frame-SPSW as a dual lateral load-resisting system. PBPD method uses pre-selected target drift and yield mechanism as its main criteria. For a specified hazard level, the design base shear is calculated based on energy work balance method, employing pre-selected target drift. Plastic design of dual frame system has been performed to meet the pre-selected yield mechanism. As presented in the paper, design procedure involves solving a system of five equations with five variables to determine the proportion of SPSW and moment frame shear, shear wall thickness, and beam/ column sections. It has been considered that a four-story structure is designed with the proposed method. Seismic performance of this dual frame system, designed with the proposed method, is evaluated by nonlinear static and dynamic analysis for both Design Basis Earthquake (DBE) and Maximum Credible Earthquake (MCE). Result analysis is in accord with the assumptions, satisfying all the performance objectives. PBPD is a direct design method in which no iteration is needed to achieve the performance objectives. Determining the proportion of SPSW and moment frame shear is an exclusive capability of this procedure.


Main Subjects

AISC. (2005a). ANSI/AISC 341-05, Seismic provisions for structural steel buildings, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, Illinois.
AISC. (2005b). ANSI/AISC 360-05, Specification for structural steel buildings, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, Illinois.
ASCE. (2005). Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures, SEI/ASCE 7-05, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
Banihashemi, M.R., Mirzagoltabar, A.R. and Tavakoli, H.R. (2015). “Development of the performance based plastic design for steel moment resistant frame”, International Journal of Steel Structures, 15(1), 51-62.
Bayat, M.R. (2010). “Performance-based plastic design of earthquake resistant steel structures: Concentrically braced frames, tall moment frames, plate shear wall frames”, Doctor of Philosophy Thesis, The University of Texas at Arlington.
Berman, J.W. and Bruneau, M. (2008). “Capacity design of vertical Boundary Elements in steel plate shear walls”, Engineering Journal, 45(1), 55-71.
Chao, S.H. and Goel, S.C. (2005). “Performance-based seismic design of EBF using target drift and yield mechanism as performance criteria”, Report No. UMCEE 05-05, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Chao, S.H. and Goel, S.C. (2006a). “Performance-based plastic design of seismic resistant Special Truss Moment Frames (STMF)”, Report No. UMCEE 06-03, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Chao, S.H. and Goel, S.C. (2006b). “A seismic design method for steel concentric braced frames for enhanced performance”, 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Taipei, Taiwan.
Chao, S.H., Goel, S.C. and Lee, S.S. (2007). “A seismic design lateral force distribution based on inelastic state of structures”, Earthquake Spectra 23(3), 547-569.
CSI (2007). Perform-3D v.4.0 user manual. Computers & Structures Inc., Berkeley, CA.
Dasgupta, P., Goel, S.C. and Parra-Montesinos, G. (2004). “Performance-based seismic design and behavior of a composite Buckling Restrained Braced Frame (BRBF)”, Paper No. 497, Proceedings of 13WCEE, Vancouver, BC, August 1-6.
FEMA 356. (2000a). Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C.
Goel, S.C. and Chao, S.H. (2008). Performance-based plastic design: Earthquake resistant steel structures, International Code Council.
Lee, S.S. and Goel, S.C. (2001). “Performance-based design of steel moment frames using target drift and yield mechanism”, Report No. UMCEE 01-17, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Leelataviwat, S., Goel, S.C. and Stojadinovic, B. (1999). “Toward performance-based design of structures”, Earthquake Spectra, 15(3), 435-461.
Liao, W.C. and Goel, S.C. (2012). “Performance-based plastic design and energy-based evaluation of seismic resistant RC moment frame”, Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20, 304-310.
Miranda, E. and Bertero, V.V. (1994). “Evaluation of strength reduction factors for earthquake-resistant design”, Earthquake Spectra, 10(2), 357-379.
Newmark, N.M. and Hall, W.J. (1982). Earthquake spectra and design, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, El Cerrito, CA.
Sabelli, R. and Bruneau, M. (2007). Steel plate shear walls (AISC Design Guide # 20), American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, IL.
Sabouri, S. (2001). Lateral load resisting systems, An introduction to steel shear walls, Anguizeh Publishing Co.
Sahoo, D.R. and, Chao, S.H. (2010), “Performance-based plastic design method for buckling-restrained braced frames”, Engineering Structures, 32(9), 2950-2958.
Somerville, P.G., Smith, M., Punyamurthula, S. and Sun, J. (1997). “Development of ground motion time histories for phase 2 of the FEMA/SAC steel project”, Report No. SAC/BD-97/04, SAC Joint Venture, Sacramento, CA.
Tahuni, Sh. (1996). Design of reinforced concrete structures, Tehran University Publishing Co.
Yang, Y.T. and Whittaker, A.S. (2002). MCEER demonstration hospitals, mathematical models and preliminary analysis results, Technical Report, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NY.